What are the Options?
Increasingly over the last five years or so the issue of the future of the UK Union and indeed will it survive – especially following Brexit - has been a topic of academic, political studies and discourses.
I have endeavoured to collate a list of studies, reports and articles as a reference point to inform people of the issues and options.
It is not an exhaustive list … but it is a start
UK’s Changing Union: Towards a new Union (Wales Governance Centre, Cardiff University: February 2015)
Devolution and the Future of the Union (The Constitution Unit, University College London: April 2015)
A Constitutional Crossroads: Ways Forward for the United Kingdom (The Bingham Centre for the Rule of Law: May 2015)
Federal Britain—The Case for Decentralisation (Institute of Economic Affairs: 2015)
David Owen—A Federal UK Council (November 2016)
A Federal Future for the UK—The Options (Federal Trust for Education and Research: July 2010
Gordon Brown—A Revolt of the Regions (New Statesman: November 2016)
Wales Act 2017: Following the publication of the Silk Commission report on legislative powers for Wales, the UK Government began a process of reviewing Welsh devolution. This has resulted in the Wales Act 2017.
Three speeches in the House of Lords by Elystan Morgan in relation to Reserved Powers and the Wales Bill and also the consequences of Brexit over such powers.
Constitution Convention report (Institute of Welsh Affairs: April 2015)
https://www.theguardian.com/books/2014/jun/02/mammons-kingdom-essay-britain-now-review-david-marquand-cry-of-despair ( 24/6/2014)
David Melding AM (Institute of Welsh Affairs: 10/7/2009)
This is a collection of essays by David Melding AM—an examination of the Welsh nation, an analysis of the response of the Conservative Party and that of all parties to devolution, and concludes with a signature essay, Will Britain survive beyond 2020?
Glyndwr Cennydd Jones
A Constitutional continuum (Institute of Welsh Affairs: 17/2/2017)
A call for a Constitutional convention (Institute of Welsh Affairs: 3/1/17)
An Isle of enduring nations (Institute of Welsh Affairs: 23/11/16)
Wales must engage with present constitutional debates in the UK (Institute of Welsh Affairs: 9/9/16)
Towards federalism and beyond (Institute of Welsh Affairs: 31/8/16)
The above articles were stimulated by his longer pieces below which appeared on this website:
A Constitutional continuum (12/12/16)
Towards federalism and beyond (29/7/16)
Adam Price AM—Why independence for Wales is not an idle fantasy (Wales Online: March 2017)
What Might an English Parliament look like—Consultation Document (Constitution Unit, University College London: November 2016)
Centre for English Identity: As yet, there is no settled English identity; it is still being shaped. The Centre for English Identity and Politics, led by former MP John Denham, is developing a cross-disciplinary programme of lectures, seminars, conferences. To increase understanding of the forces driving English identity and dto evelop ideas for how it can be inclusive and forward-looking.
Open Democracy: Article with numerous links included among them the policies of the three main political parties on English devolution (May 2015)
The Silk Commission: Commission on Devolution in Wales - also known as The Silk Commission - was established by the UK Government in 2011 to look at the future of the devolution settlement in Wales. As part of their terms of reference, the Commission looked at Wales's financial powers (Part 1 of their work) and legislative powers (Part 2 of their work) and made a number of recommendations in two final reports.
Crowther/Kilbrandon Royal Commission
The Commission was appointed by Royal Warrant in April 1969. The first chairman was Lord Crowther and on his death in February 1972 he was succeeded by Lord Kilbrandon. The Commission's terms of reference were: to examine the present function of the central legislature and government in relation to the several countries, nations and regions of the United Kingdom, to consider whether any changes are desirable in those functions or otherwise in the present constitutional and economic relationships between the various parts of the United Kingdom and in those between the United Kingdom and the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man.
The report of the Commission (Cmnd. 5460) was published in November 1973 (HO 221/294). Two members of the Commission produced a minority report, the Memorandum of Dissent: HO 221/295
Minutes of evidence before the Commission, published and unpublished written evidence, circulated abstracts of evidence, research papers, warrants of appointment, majority and minority reports, minutes of meetings of the Commission and constitute specialized groups of members and staff, together with policy papers. Can be viewed on the following link
In chapter 9 the report discussed the dissatisfaction with government which is common to the people of Great Britain as a whole. The link below to chapter 10 considers how, in some parts of the country, the nature and extent of that dissatisfaction are influenced by national feeling and by the existence of national institutions. We start with a brief enquiry into the nature of national feeling and the different forms that it may take. We then trace the development of the Scottish and Welsh nationalist movements in favour of political separation from the rest of the United Kingdom and assess their significance. Finally, we consider the ways in which less extreme forms of national feeling affect people's attitudes to the present system of government.